As a Sahelian and landlocked country in Central Africa, Chad faces security challenges related to conflicts in neighboring countries and the consequences of climate change. 66.2% of Chad's population lives in extreme poverty and depends on humanitarian assistance for survival.
RESILAC operates in 4 cantons of the Lake Province (Bol, N'Garangou, N'Guéléa 1 and N'Guéléa 2), one of the least developed in the country. The security crisis has a very negative impact on the cross-border economy and deprives many young people of jobs. The main economic drivers of the region are now at a standstill, threatening the economic and food security of the populations that depend on them, as well as the precarious balance between communities. The Lake Province is predominantly populated by the Boudouma (40%), followed by the Kanembou (20%), Kanouri, Borno and Haoussa, among other ethnic groups. Living together remains very fragile in this area with strong agro-silvio-pastoral potential, and land tenure remains the main cause of conflicts (control of arable land, grazing and fishing areas), even though there are also many struggles over traditional chiefdoms.
On the security front, although the province has a strong military presence, infiltration, attacks, and kidnappings by armed groups are regularly reported. In addition to the economic and social consequences, a large number of individuals are in a state of psychological distress, particularly women, and show symptoms of psychotrauma.
Living together remains very fragile in this area with strong agro-silvio-pastoral potential, and land tenure remains the main cause of conflicts.
Finally, the low school enrollment rate reflects the striking inequalities in access to education, particularly for rural women (14.3 percent net enrollment rate versus 43.7 percent nationally).
Sources: World Bank, AFD, Community Diagnosis of Lake Chad (CCFD-RESILAC), Initial Baseline (Groupe URD-RESILAC)
Implementing partners in the country: AAH, CARE, national NGOs supported by CCFD-TS: CSAPR (including APAD, GRAVE, KAWTAL) and ACORD.
Institutional linkage of the project: The project is governed in Chad by operational and national steering committees, the latter of which are chaired by the Ministry of Economy and Development Planning (MEPD).